Oceans are becoming warmer, sea levels are rising, the hole of the ozone layer is getting increased day by day, the glaciers are getting melted – so, our climate is changing, and no doubt, this is not a progressive change – a change that we are not looking forward to!
Right from the polar bears of the Arctic to the marine turtle and the elephants of the coast of Africa, the diversity of life of our planet, which we used to boast off, is now exposed to utter risks.
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Places, species, human lives and of course, the environment itself, are extremely vulnerable to the changing climate and in spite of the huge number of campaigns and awareness programs about global warming, benefits of recycling, arranged at all the corners of the globe, we are just not enough bothered!
So first let’s look at some of the prime reasons for such climate change –
One of the main greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide, traps the heat of the atmosphere and impacts our environment. Well, green house gases exist in the environment from the very beginning; but we are adding more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere – how? The smoke that emits from our car, the huge number of trees that are cleared out for making homes and shopping malls, the huge amount of fossil fuels that are burnt every day – all contribute to add to the greenhouse gases.
Since these greenhouse gases operate like a blanket, the thicker the blanket is our planet becomes warmer. As the oceans also absorb some amount of this additional carbon dioxide, they become more acidic, turning the sea into a less hospitable place for the animal living there.
According to the leading scientific research centers of the world, like the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), National Academy of Science and World Meteorological Association (WMO)
climate change is a sheer threat caused mainly by human activities and needs to be addressed seriously. It has been found that burning fossil fuels like coal, natural gas, oil, which is done in order to generate energy, is hugely responsible for affecting the environment.
According to the reports by World Wild Life, power generation, across the globe, is responsible for almost 23 billion tons of carbon dioxide emission every year.
Well, after learning about the causes of climate change let’s look at some of its major impacts –
During the 20th century, it has been observed that the sea level rose about 6 inches mainly due to the melting glaciers and the expansion of warm seawater. Now it has been predicted that during the 21st century, the sea levels may increase almost by 23 inches causing absolute risks to the coral reefs, wetlands and the coastal communities. In fact, the warmer water of the oceans has already caused death to about a quarter of the world’s coral reefs in the past decades.
Again, it has been monitored that the summer thickness of the Arctic Sea is almost half of what it used to be 60 years ago! Sometimes the heavier rainfall causes flood and destroys thousands of lives and property; and sometimes it’s the lack of rainfall that causes droughts and crop withering. Incidents like earthquakes, hurricanes, heat waves, Tsunamis have become more frequent. So, it’s the high time to take some initiatives if we really want to make the world a better place to live.
In this article Adam Wilson discussed about environmental benefits of recycling because of our changing climate. Article by Manville Metal Recycling.